History of the Church Part Three: Islamism and the Crusades

Saladin and Third Phase of Islamism By Steven Barto, B.S., Psy., M.A. Theology Trouble from Islam Christianity is saddled with guilt regarding the Crusades, defending the false claim that they were unprovoked attacks fueled by religious intolerance. In AD 636, Muslims captured Jerusalem, Alexandria, Egypt, and Spain. Gonzalez says Christians, faced with the safety and …

History of the Church Part Two: Monasticism and the “Narrow Gate”

By Steven Barto, B.S. Psy., M.T.S. I was excited for my undergraduate class History of Christianity, and my two graduate-level courses: Church History I and II. These studies provided a working knowledge of ecclesiology, including church organization and governance, doctrine, "marks" of the church ("one," "holy," "catholic," and "apostolic"), heresies, worship, teaching, sacraments, and mission. …

Let’s Go to Theology Class: Perspectives on the Crusades

The following summary is from my most recent class in pursuit of my master’s degree in theology at Colorado Christian University. The Crusades became a new hot topic around the turn of the 21st century (March 2000), with Pope John Paul II and each succeeding pope making apology for them. Beginning with the horror of …

It’s a Matter of Intent

At the National Prayer Breakfast on February 5, 2015, President Barack Obama brazenly criticized the "terrible deeds" committed in the name of Christ. "Humanity has been grappling with these questions throughout human history," Obama said, hinting that individuals often hijack religion for their own murderous ends. He continued: "And lest we get on our high …

The Other Texts

EACH OF THE WORLD'S major religions have sacred texts that form the cornerstone of their belief. These tomes typically instill laws, morals, character, and spirituality in its followers. As with the Bible, a religious text might be considered the inerrant Word of God. Texts can be literal, metaphorical, or both. Christianity has combined the Jewish …

Unveiling Islam and Muhammad

For nearly 95 percent of the world's population, conversion to Christianity often means disowning, disinheritance, expulsion, arrest, and even death. At this moment, for the sake of the Great Commission (see Matthew 28:16-20), men and women are being whipped into submission, tortured, imprisoned, beaten, and banned from their families. Homes are being torched, entire families …

Answering Jihad: A Better Way Forward: Conclusion

This is the final installment in a 19-week series from Answering Jihad: A Better Way Forward by Nabeel Qureshi, author of Seeking Allah, Finding Jesus. Weeks one through eighteen covered eighteen questions people have most commonly asked Qureshi about jihad and Islam. These questions explore the origins of jihad, the nature of jihad today, and …

Answering Jihad: A Better Way Forward Question #18 – What Does Jesus Have to Do With Jihad?

  This is the eighteenth in a 19-week series from Answering Jihad: A Better Way Forward by Nabeel Qureshi, author of Seeking Allah, Finding Jesus. Weeks one through eighteen will cover eighteen questions people most commonly ask Qureshi about jihad and Islam. These questions explore the origins of jihad, the nature of jihad today, and …

Answering Jihad: A Better Way Forward- Question #17 – How Does Jihad Compare With the Crusades?

  This is the seventeenth in a 19-week series from Answering Jihad: A Better Way Forward by Nabeel Qureshi, author of Seeking Allah, Finding Jesus. Weeks one through eighteen will cover eighteen questions people most commonly ask Qureshi about jihad and Islam. These questions explore the origins of jihad, the nature of jihad today, and …

Answering Jihad: A Better Way Forward – Question #16 – What Does Jesus Teach About Violence?

This is the sixteenth in a 19-week series from Answering Jihad: A Better Way Forward by Nabeel Qureshi, author of Seeking Allah, Finding Jesus. Weeks one through eighteen will cover eighteen questions people most commonly ask Qureshi about jihad and Islam. These questions explore the origins of jihad, the nature of jihad today, and the …

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